The welfare needs of captive reindeer used for entertainment events in the UK: a review - written by Dr Tayla Hammond and funded by OneKind.

Reindeer pulling a sleigh on a Christmas parade.

Reindeer have long been exhibited as part of festive celebrations, particularly in winter wonderland settings, festive markets and parades. However, there is a growing concern about the welfare of these animals as they are transported, confined, and exposed to crowded and potentially stressful environments during such events. As such, this review aims to establish the welfare needs of captive reindeer in the UK, with a focus on those used in entertainment events using the Five Domains model.

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